Integration of Global Value Chains for Sustainable Tourism Development: Inclusiveness, Coopetition and Innovation


Tourism which leads to the management of all resources in such a way that economic, social and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity and life support systems. Development of sustainable tourism is a process which meets the needs of present tourists and host communities whilst protecting and enhancing needs in the future. A system required where every development in tourism or outside tourism will revolve around sustainability. The United Nations General Assembly declared 2017 as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development recalling the potential of tourism to advance the universal 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The tourism sector if well managed can foster inclusive economic growth, social inclusiveness and the protection of cultural and natural assets. Therefore, the attention required on local people participation in conservation, promotion and sustainable development, capacity building of local people, local culture, handicrafts, cuisine, dances, need be promoted, revitalization of crafts, customs and cultural identities, increasing opportunities for social contact and exchange, protection and improvement of both the natural and built environment, increasing recognition of rural priorities and potential by policy-makers and economic planners. The change in policies, business practices and consumer behavior towards a more sustainable tourism sector will contribute effectively to the Sustainable Development Goals.

Integration of Global Value Chains for Sustainable Tourism Development: Inclusiveness, Coopetition and Innovation